What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to the optic nerve usually from a higher than normal pressure in the eye, though there are types of glaucoma with normal ocular pressure (normal tension glaucoma). Symptoms of glaucoma don’t usually appear until there’s been vision loss and many people don’t realize they have the disease until it’s discovered in a routine eye exam. Many people believe it is a senior citizen’s issue but that’s not the case. (You can read more about that here.) If untreated, it can cause irreversible damage to your vision and lead to blindness. Treatment may include eye drops, laser, or surgical intervention in advanced cases.

What is age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)?

The part of your retina called the macula is responsible for focusing images and allows for sharp, clear sight. Aging often causes this tissue to degenerate causing unclear, distorted vision and/or shadows. This condition typically affects people aged 65 years and over, although it can start at an earlier age.
Common risk factors for macular degeneration include:

  • Aging
  • Obesity and lack of exercise (inactivity)
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension

It can be detected through retinal imaging.

Worried about macular degeneration? Though it can be difficult to treat there are advancements all the time including injections that can slow progression and improve overall vision. To assess whether or not you have this condition, book an appointment for retinal imaging today.

Those are the most common eye conditions we see in our practice. It’s important that you’re aware of symptoms and risk factors but the best thing you can do for you ocular health and to keep your sight is see us for regular eye exams.

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